The New Mexico Flag And Zia Symbol History
New Mexico State Flag Facts
The New Mexico flag is used during occasions where New Mexico is officially represented. It is the citizens’ privilege to use the flag as they see fit, so long as it is an appropriate circumstance and the flag is treated with dignity and respect as it is displayed and handled.
It is a very simple design, but it has an elaborate meaning.
The colors come from old Spain; yellow and red are found in the Spanish Cross of Burgundy flag, used during the reign Phillip the II (1556-1598). The Spanish viceroys used this flag during their time in the New World. (Check out New Mexico’s history here.) The red and yellow in the New Mexico flag honor Isabella I of Castile and stem from this part of our history.
Dr. Mera was an archaeologist and was familiar with the ancient symbols of Native peoples. He got his inspiration from a Zia symbol on an old clay pot that was created by a woman from Zia Pueblo, New Mexico. Dr. Mera modified the design and used royal colors, yellow and red, from Spain.
His design purpose was to share the Zia symbol meanings of perfect friendship among united cultures. This statement is even part of the state pledge that in some parts of the state is still recited after the Pledge of Allegiance.
In 2001, the North American Vexillological Association conducted a survey which found New Mexico to have the best designed flag of any U.S. state, territory or Canadian province.
Show Your State Pride & Get Your Very Own New Mexico Flag!
Zia Indians put high regard on the sun. For them, the sun is sacred. It is found on ancient pottery and those ancient ceremonial vases were used introduce a newborn child to the sun.
The Zia Indians also regard the number four as sacred, shown by the sun having four points in the circle, each with four bars.
The Zia symbol represents the number four for the points in the compass, which are north, south, east, west.
The four seasons are represented, which are summer, autumn, winter and spring.
The number four also represents the periods in a day, which are the morning, noon, evening and night.
Finally, the seasons of life are accounted for which are childhood, youth, middle adulthood and late adulthood.
It is also the Zia's belief belief that a human’s life has four obligations, which are also sacred and must be fulfilled. The person should have a strong physical body, pure spirit, crystal clear mind and the desire to help others.
Isn't that a great principle to live by? I love it.
Many years ago the Zia salutation was recited after the Pledge of Allegiance by all students. The pledge is this:
"I salute the flag of the State of New Mexico and the Zia symbol of perfect friendship among united cultures."
I think it's a great message, don't you? I love my state.
New Mexico State History
New Mexico State Capital History
New Mexico State Bird
New Mexico State Flower